On 26.08.19 at 19th European Symposium on Fluorine Chemistry 2019 Ivo Leito gave a talk Acidities of molecules and media: the united pKa-pHabs scale in 1,2-dichloroethane.
For the first time in a low-polarity solvent, the scale has a dual nature, being both a pKa scale of the involved acids (i.e. describing acidity of molecules) and at the same time a pH scale, describing the acidity of the solutions (media).
The scale spans 28 orders of magnitude (pH or pKa units) and is composed of 87 acids of diverse nature. The scale is linked to the unified acidity (pHabs) scale and expressed in values, which makes the acidities of the solutions directly comparable to the conventional aqueous pH scale. This in turn makes the scale a useful tool in future studies of acid-driven processes (reaction mechanisms, catalysis, strong oxidants, etc) in low-polarity media.
This work has been published in: Chem. Sci., 2017, 8, 6964-6973. A unified view to Brønsted acidity scales: do we need solvated protons?.
It is part of a larger endeavor – to promote a wider usage the unified pH scale by the research and technology communities, which is currently in progress via the UnipHied. The project is funded from the EMPIR programme (project 17FUN09) co-financed by the Participating States and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.